Porcelain tiles have much harder and dense surfaces than ceramic, and they are wear-resistant, stain resistant and damage resistant. This makes them ideal options for use in high traffic and wet areas. Since it is wear resistant, stain resistant and damage resistant, it is the best application for use in heavy or light traffic areas of residences, high traffic commercial or industrial applications.
When compared to other types of tiles, Porcelain stands high with five points in the PEI rating. This means that they are extremely durable and can wear tough stains and are frost resistant. Though, they are expensive and available in less number of colors, many commercial and new home decorators use them to design their interior and exterior.
It is a combination of porcelain clay, Quartz, ferrous minerals and sand powder. You can refine and purify them to differentiate them from the non-porcelain type. As the result, strength, durability and toughness of this stone is higher when compared to other types of stone.
Porcelain tiles are kiln baked and dried at higher porcelain tiles manufacturer temperature. Ceramic type has more pores and less dense surfaces when compared to non-porcelain types. The time required to manufacture porcelain is longer. Thus, the manufacturing difference makes Porcelain Tiles better than the others. Other types have softer, higher water absorbent qualities and more prone to discoloration.
The composition used to make these tiles, absorb less water, usually, 0.5 % as or less than that. This makes an ideal option for use in wet areas. Additionally, this type of tile has high PEI rating which means it is the best tiling option that can easily be exposed to harsh weather. Due to their water withholding capability, this is the best tiling option for more potential water and moisture ridden places including bathroom, garage, swimming pool, kitchen, basement, and exterior areas.
PEI (Porcelain Enamel Institute) issues a rating of 0.5 % for these tiles. This enables the customers to decide that this tiling option is suitable for all kind of applications. Non-ceramic tile have low PEI rating and this type is the best option considered for floor as well as wall applications. Negatives for this type are that it is expensive than ceramic. Though, prices have come down over the years there are less options of colors and patterns. Additionally, this type is harder to cut.